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What is diabetes mellitus? Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that occurs when your blood sugar glucoseis too high hyperglycemia. Glucose is what the body uses for energy, and the pancreas produces a hormone called insulin that helps convert the glucose from the food you eat into energy. When the body does not produce enough insulin - or does not any at all - the glucose does not reach your cells to be used for energy.
This in type 1 and 2 diabetes. According to the CDC, 30 million 9. There are two types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetesformerly called juvenile diabetesis an autoimmune condition in which the body does not produce insulin because the body's immune system attacks insulin-producing cells from the 2 thirsty ladies called beta cells. Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which cells cannot use blood sugar glucose efficiently for energy.
This occurs when blood sugar gets too high over time, and the cells become insensitive to insulin. Prediabetes sometimes spelled pre- diabetes is a condition that often precedes type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes is when your blood sugar is higher than normal, but not quite high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes. Prediabetes does not usually have any symptoms so there may be no warning s. A blood test can confirm if you have prediabetes. If a person does not change their diet and lifestyle, prediabetes can become type 2 diabetes within 5 years.
What are the early s and symptoms in women with diabetes? Many type 1 and type 2 diabetes symptoms in women are the same as those in men; however, there are some symptoms and complications of 2 thirsty ladies unique to women. Vaginal itching and pain as well as vaginal and oral yeast infections: An overgrowth of Candida albicans fungus can cause vaginal yeast infections and oral yeast infections oral thrush.
Symptoms of vaginal yeast infections include:. Symptoms of oral thrush include:.
Decrease in sex drive: Women with diabetes may experience lower sex drive libidoblood flow problems to the genital area, which can decrease sexual response and orgasmand nerve damage diabetic neuropathy that can result in vaginal dryness and decreased sensation. Polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS : This is a common cause of female infertility and insulin resistance. It can cause s and symptoms like irregular periods, acnethinning scalp hair, and excess hair growth on the face and body.
High insulin levels also increase the risk of developing diabetes, and about half of women with PCOS develop diabetes. Urinary tract infections UTIs : A UTI occurs when bacteria enter anywhere in the urinary tract, including the urethra, ureters, kidneys, and bladder. They are much more common in women than in men in general, and they occur more often in people with diabetes because the sugar in the urine presents a breeding ground for bacterial growth. For example, excessive thirst, frequent urination, and unexplained weight loss.
If you have prediabetes also it puts you at risk for heart attack, stroke, and type 2 diabetes. What s 2 thirsty ladies symptoms are the same in men and women? There are diabetes symptoms that both women and men have in common:.
Some complications of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are the same, for example, skin, eye, circulation, low blood sugar hypoglycemiahigh blood sugar hyperglycemiaketoacidosisand amputation. What if you have diabetes and get pregnant? Diabetes need not affect a pregnancy if it is properly controlled. Women with diabetes should talk to their doctor when planning to conceive so they can 2 thirsty ladies blood sugar levels under control before becoming pregnant. You will need to understand how to monitor and control your diabetes and blood sugar levels during pregnancy.
If you have high blood sugar levels during pregnancy, there are risks to both the baby and the mother. High blood glucose levels can result in:. What are the s and symptoms of gestational diabetes? Doctors will test for gestational diabetes during the 24th to 28th weeks of pregnancy, as this usually is when the condition develops. Often, gestational diabetes has no symptoms, but you may experience some symptoms common to diabetes such as:.
What are the complications of diabetes during pregnancy? When diabetes occurs in women during pregnancy, it is called gestational diabetes. It usually is diagnosed between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy. Like in type 1 and type 2 diabetesblood sugar levels become too high. When women are pregnantmore glucose is needed to nourish the developing baby.
The body needs more insulin, which is produced by the pancreas. In some women, the body does not produce enough insulin to meet this need, and blood sugar levels rise, resulting in gestational diabetes. Fortunately, for most women, gestational diabetes will go away once the baby is born. However, women who have had gestational diabetes are at increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
I also agree to receive s from MedicineNet and I understand that I may opt out of MedicineNet subscriptions at any time. Can you die from diabetes? Men, women, and children can develop diabetes, but the disease can present problems unique to women. A study found that between anddeath rates for men with diabetes declined, but death rates for women did not.
In general, women live longer than men do because they have a lower risk of heart diseasebut when women develop diabetes, their risk for heart disease skyrockets, and death 2 thirsty ladies heart failure is more likely in women than in men. Another study also found that in people with diabetes, heart attacks are more often fatal for women than they are for men.
Other examples of how diabetes affects women differently than men are:. Kidney disease is complication of type 1 diabetesand type 2, that affect women more strongly than men. Depression is twice as common in women with diabetes as it is in men with diabetes. Women with diabetes are more prone to poor blood sugar control which can lead to hyperglycemia and hypoglycemiaobesityhigh blood pressureand high cholesterol than men with diabetes.
There are several reasons suggested for why both type 1 and type 2 diabetes may affect women more dramatically than men:. In women with diabetes, the HDL " good" cholesterol levels dropwhich in greater heart disease risk, they have less estrogen, and lower levels of estrogen are associated with kidney disease.
Women with diabetes may receive less effective health careparticularly for heart disease and heart disease risk factors. Women with diabetes often have polycystic ovary syndrome PCOSwhich is a risk factor for diabetes, and can result in problems getting pregnant. What should you do if you think that you may have diabetes or prediabetes?
If you notice any of the symptoms of diabetessee your doctor. If diabetes is untreated, it can lead to serious complications including heart diseasestrokehigh blood pressureblindnesskidney diseaseand nerve damage. Your doctor will check your blood glucose levels, and if you are diagnosed with diabetes, your doctor will guide you on a plan to keep your blood sugar levels normal.
If your diabetes is mild, your doctor will likely recommend a diet plan, exerciseand 2 thirsty ladies loss. Your doctor may prescribe medications that help reduce 2 thirsty ladies sugar levels. In some women, insulin may be necessary. If your blood sugars become too low, use these nearby as a quick treatment table sugar, soda, juice, and glucose tablets. Definition What is diabetes mellitus? Pregnancy What if you have diabetes and get pregnant? Can You Die? Treatment What should you do if you think that you may have diabetes or prediabetes? Readers Comments 1 Share Your Story. Are You At Risk for Prediabetes?
Click for more symptoms and risk factors for prediabetes ». Share Your Story. Latest Diabetes News. Life with Cancer. For people with diabetes, too much glucose in the blood can cause serious foot complications such as nerve damage, infection, and ulcers.
Find tips for proper foot care to help prevent serious complications. Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar glucose in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type 1 insulin dependent and type 2 non-insulin dependent. Symptoms of diabetes include increased urine output, thirst, hunger, and fatigue. Treatment of diabetes depends on the type. Toe amputation is a common procedure performed by a wide variety of healthcare providers.
One of the most common indications for toe amputation is patients with a diabetic foot.
Toe amputation is usually performed as a last resort when medical treatment fails, or the toe cannot be salvaged. Complications of toe amputation include pain, swelling, bruising, blood clotting, and hematoma blood clot. A heart attack happens when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. A heart attack can cause chest pain, heart failure, and electrical instability of the heart. Heart disease and heart attacks can be prevented by leading a healthy lifestyle with diet, exercise, and stress management.
Symptoms of heart attack in men and women include chest discomfort and pain in the shoulder, neck, jaw, stomach, or back. What is heart disease coronary artery disease? Learn about the causes of heart disease, arrhythmias and myopathy. Symptoms of heart disease include chest pain and shortness of breath. Explore heart disease diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Take our Heart Disease Quiz to get answers and facts about high cholesterol, atherosclerosis prevention, and the causes, symptoms, treatments, testing, and procedures for medically broken hearts.
The muscle that pumps blood received from 2 thirsty ladies into arteries throughout the body. See a picture of the Heart and learn more about the health topic. Hemoglobin A1c or HbA1c is a protein on the surface of red blood cells. The HbA1c test is used to monitor blood sugar levels in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes over time.
HbA1c levels can be affected by insulin use, fasting, glucose intake oral or IVor a combination of these and other factors. High hemoglobin A1c levels in 2 thirsty ladies blood increases the risk of microvascular complications, for example, diabetic neuropathy, eye, and kidney disease. Low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, is a syndrome in which a person's blood sugar is dangerously low.
People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. There are other diseases that can cause a person's blood sugar levels to go too low, for example, pancreatitis, Cushing's syndrome, and pancreatic cancer. Symptoms and s that your blood sugar levels are too low include palpitations, trembling, intense hunger, sweating, nervousness, and weakness.
Need to lower your cholesterol levels? Use these smart diet tips to quickly and easily lower your blood cholesterol levels. Choose heart-healthy foods to lower cholesterol and improve your heart health. Polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOSalso known by the name Stein-Leventhal syndrome, is a hormonal problem that causes women to have a variety of symptoms including irregular or no menstrual periods, acne, obesity, and excess hair growth.
A urinary tract infection UTI is an infection of the bladder, kidneys, ureters, or urethra. UTI symptoms include pain, abdominal pain, mild fever, urinary urgency and frequency. Treatment involves a course of antibiotics. Understand urinary tract infection UTI through pictures. Our experts describe urinary tract infection symptoms like pelvic pain, pain or burning while urinating, bloody or cloudy urine, and feeling the need to urinate frequently.
Learn how UTIs are diagnosed as well in infants, the elderly, and all people.2 thirsty ladies
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